Quantities are in parentheses after the food type. Special ingredients are bought with Iron Paw Tokens from Nam Ironpaw at Halfhill. Purchased items are bought with gold from Sungshin Ironpaw at Halfhill. Each recipe produces 5 of an item - so to create a full stack of 20 you will need to make the recipe 4 times.
Way Banquets will give you 250 in a stat based somewhat on the Way of the banquet. If you are a master of that Way, all but Banquet of the Brew will give you 275 in a stat. Pandaren Banquets always give you 275 in a stat.
The below banquets have 10 charges each. Great Banquets have 25 charges each and use double the meat, fish, and veg.